Sina Weibo OAuth 2.0 Service Covert Redirect Web Security Bugs (Information Leakage & Open Redirect)

china

 

Sina Weibo OAuth 2.0 Service Covert Redirect Web Security Bugs (Information Leakage & Open Redirect)

 

 

(1) Domain:
weibo.com

 

 

“Sina Weibo (NASDAQ: WB) is a Chinese microblogging (weibo) website. Akin to a hybrid of Twitter and Facebook, it is one of the most popular sites in China, in use by well over 30% of Internet users, with a market penetration similar to the United States’ Twitter. It was launched by SINA Corporation on 14 August 2009, and has 503 million registered users as of December 2012. About 100 million messages are posted each day on Sina Weibo. In March 2014, Sina Corporation announced a spinoff of Weibo as a separate entity and filed an IPO under the symbol WB. Sina retains 56.9% ownership in Weibo. The company began trading publicly on April 17, 2014. “Weibo” (微博) is the Chinese word for “microblog”. Sina Weibo launched its new domain name weibo.com on 7 April 2011, deactivating and redirecting from the old domain, t.sina.com.cn to the new one. Due to its popularity, the media sometimes directly uses “Weibo” to refer to Sina Weibo. However, there are other Chinese microblogging/weibo services including Tencent Weibo, Sohu Weibo and NetEase Weibo.” (Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Description:

Weibo web application has a computer security problem. Hacker can exploit it by Covert Redirect cyber attacks.

 

The vulnerabilities can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (10.0.9200.16750) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (34.0) & Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0 ubuntu0.14.04.1.1064 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04),Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X Lion 10.7.

 

 

(2.1) Vulnerability Detail:

Weibo’s OAuth 2.0 system is susceptible to Attacks. More specifically, the authentication of parameter “&redirct_uri” in OAuth 2.0 system is insufficient. It can be misused to design Open Redirect Attacks to Weibo.

 

At the same time, it can be used to collect sensitive information of both third-party app and users by using the following parameters (sensitive information is contained in HTTP header.),

“&response_type”=sensitive_info,token…

“&scope”=get_user_info%2Cadd_share…

 

It increases the likelihood of successful Open Redirect Attacks to third-party websites, too.

 

The vulnerabilities occurs at page “oauth2/authorize?” with parameter “&redirect_uri”, e.g.
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code [1]

 

Before acceptance of third-party application:

When a logged-in Weibo user clicks the URL ([1]) above, he/she will be asked for consent as in whether to allow a third-party website to receive his/her information. If the user clicks OK, he/she will be then redirected to the URL assigned to the parameter “&redirect_uri”.

 

If a user has not logged onto Weibo and clicks the URL ([1]) above, the same situation will happen upon login.

 

After acceptance of third-party application:

A logged-in Weibo user would no longer be asked for consent and could be redirected to a webpage controlled by the attacker when he/she clicks the URL ([1]).

 

For a user who has not logged in, the attack could still be completed after a pop-up page that prompts him/her to log in.

 

 

(2.1.1) Weibo would normally allow all the URLs that belong to the domain of an authorized third-party website. However, these URLs could be prone to manipulation. For example, the “&redirect_uri” parameter in the URLs is supposed to be set by the third-party websites, but an attacker could change its value to make Attacks.

 

Hence, a user could be redirected from Weibo to a vulnerable URL in that domain first and later be redirected from this vulnerable site to a malicious site unwillingly. This is as if the user is redirected from Weibo directly. The number of Weibo’s OAuth 2.0 client websites is so huge that such Attacks could be commonplace.

 

Before acceptance of the third-party application, Weibo’s OAuth 2.0 system makes the redirects appear more trustworthy and could potentially increase the likelihood of successful Open Redirect Attacks of third-party website.

 

Once the user accepts the application, the attackers could completely bypass Weibo’s authentication system and attack more easily.

 

Used one of webpages for the following tests. The webpage is “https://biyiniao.wordpress.com/“. We can suppose it is malicious and contains code that collect sensitive information of both third-party app and users.

 

Below is an example of a vulnerable third-party domain:
cjcp.com.cn

 

Vulnerable URL in this domain:
http://uc.cjcp.com.cn/?m=user&a=otherLogin&type=sina&furl=http%3A%2F%2Ftetraph.com%2Fessayjeans%2Fseasons%2F%25E7%25A5%25AD%25E6%2598%25A5.html

 

Vulnerable URL from Weibo that is related to cjcp.com.cn:
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code

 

POC:
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2F%3Fm%3Duser%26a%3DotherLogin%26type%3Dsina%26furl%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Ftetraph.com%252Fessayjeans%252Fseasons%252F%2525E7%2525A5%2525AD%2525E6%252598%2525A5.html&response_type=code [2]

 

(2.2) Another method for attackers.


Attackers enter the following URL in browser,
http://uc.cjcp.com.cn/?m=user&a=otherLogin&type=sina&furl=http%3A%2F%2Ftetraph.com%2Fessayjeans%2Fseasons%2F%25E7%25A5%25AD%25E6%2598%25A5.html

 

Then, attackers can get URL below,
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code [3]

 

If users click URL [3], the same thing will happen as URL [2].

 

 

 

 

POC Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKozHxrk4js

 

 

Blog Detail:
http://tetraph.blogspot.com/2014/05/sina-weibo-oauth-20-covert-redirect.html

 

 



(3) What is Covert Redirect?

Covert Redirect is a class of security bugs disclosed in May 2014. It is an application that takes a parameter and redirects a user to the parameter value without sufficient validation. This often makes use of Open Redirect and XSS (Cross-site Scripting) vulnerabilities in third-party applications.

 

Covert Redirect is also related to single sign-on, such as OAuth and OpenID. Hacker may use it to steal users’ sensitive information. Almost all OAuth 2.0 and OpenID providers worldwide are affected. Covert Redirect can work together with CSRF (Cross-site Request Forgery) as well.



 

 

Discover and Reporter:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://tetraph.com/wangjing/

 

 

 

Related Articles:
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/covert-redirect/sinas-oauth-2-0-covert-redirect-vulnerability-information-leakage-open-redirect/
http://tetraph.com/security/covert-redirect/sina-weibo-oauth-2-0-covert-redirect-vulnerability-information-leakage-open-redirect/
https://redysnowfox.wordpress.com/2014/08/02/sina-exploit/
http://qianqiuxue.tumblr.com/post/118901060925/itinfotech-covert#notes
http://webtechhut.blogspot.com/2014/07/sina-bug.html
https://twitter.com/yangziyou/status/614745661704015873
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/2346030512014463356551/
http://biboying.lofter.com/post/1cc9f4f5_706b6c3
http://frenchairing.blogspot.fr/2014/07/sina-hacking.html
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/covert-redirect/sina-weibo-oauth-2-0-covert-redirect-vulnerability-information-leakage-open-redirect/
https://biyiniao.wordpress.com/2014/06/07/sina-research/

 

 

==========

 

新浪 微博 网站 OAuth 2.0 隐蔽重定向 (Covert Redirect) 网络安全漏洞 (信息泄漏 & 公开重定向)





(1) 域名:
weibo.com

 

” 新浪微博是一个由新浪网推出,提供微型博客服务类的社交网站。用户可以通过网页、WAP页面、手机客户端、手机短信、彩信发布消息或上传图片。新浪可以把 微博理解为“微型博客”或者“一句话博客”。用户可以将看到的、听到的、想到的事情写成一句话,或发一张图片,通过电脑或者手机随时随地分享给朋友,一起 分享、讨论;还可以关注朋友,即时看到朋友们发布的信息” (百度百科)

 

 

(2) 漏洞描述:

新浪 微博 网站有有一个计算机安全问题,黑客可以对它进行隐蔽重定向 (Covert Redirect) 网络攻击。

 

 

这 个漏洞不需要用户登录,测试是基于微软 Windows 8 的 IE (10.0.9200.16750); Ubuntu (14.04) 的 Mozilla 火狐 (Firefox 34.0) 和 谷歌 Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0; 以及苹果 OS X Lion 10.7 的 Safari 6.16。


(2.1) 漏洞细节:
Weibo 的 OAuth 2.0 系统可能遭到攻击。更确切地说, Weibo 对 OAuth 2.0 系统的 parameter “&redirect_uri“ 验证不够充分。可以用来构造对 Weibo 的 URL跳转 攻击。

与此同时,这个漏洞可以用下面的参数来收集第三方 App 和 用户 的敏感信息(敏感信息包含在 HTTP header里),

“&response_type”=sensitive_info,token,code…

“&scope”=get_user_info%2Cadd_share…

 

它也增加了对第三方网站 URL跳转 攻击的成功率。

 

漏洞地点 “oauth2/authorize?”,参数”&redirect_uri”, e.g.
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code [1]

 

同意三方 App 前:

当一个已经登录的 Weibo 用户点击上面的 URL ([1]), 对话框会询问他是否接受第三方 App 接收他的信息。如果同意,他会被跳转到 参数 “&redirect_uri” 的 URL。


如果没有登录的 Weibo 用户点击 URL ([1]), 他登录后会发生同样的事情。

 

同意三方 App 后:

已经登录的 Weibo 用户 不会再被询问是否接受 三方 App。当他点击 URL ([1]) 时,他会被直接跳转到攻击者控制的页面。

 

如果 Weibo 用户没有登录,攻击依然可以在要求他登录的Weibo的对话框被确认后完成(这个过程不会提示任何和三方 App 有关的内容)。

 


(2.1.1) Weibo 一般会允许属于已被验证过得三方 App domain 的所有 URLs。 然而,这些 URLs 可以被操控。比如,参数 “&redirect_uri” 是被三方 App 设置的,但攻击者可以修改此参数的值。

 

因此,Weibo 用户意识不到他会被先从 Weibo 跳转到第三方 App 的网页,然后从此网页跳转到有害的网页。这与从 Weibo 直接跳转到有害网页是一样的。

 

因为 Weibo 的 OAuth 2.0 客户很多,这样的攻击可以很常见。

 

在同意三方 App 之前,Weibo 的 OAuth 2.0 让用户更容易相信被跳转的页面是安全的。这增加了三方 App 被 URL跳转 攻击的成功率。

 

同意三方 App 后, 攻击者可以完全绕过 Weibo 的 URL跳转 验证系统。

 

 

用了一个页面进行了测试, 页面是 “http://tetraphlike.lofter.com/“. 可以假定它是有害的,并且含有收集三方 App 和用户敏感信息的 code。

 

 

下面是一个有漏洞的三方 domain:
cjcp.com.cn

 

 

这个 domain 有漏洞的 URL:
http://uc.cjcp.com.cn/?m=user&a=otherLogin&type=Weibo&furl=http%3A%2F%2Ftetraph.com%2Fessayjeans%2Fseasons%2F%25E7%25A2%258E%25E5%25A4%258F.html

 

 

Weibo 与 cjcp.com.cn 有关的有漏洞的 URL:
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code

 

 

POC:
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2F%3Fm%3Duser%26a%3DotherLogin%26type%3Dsina%26furl%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Ftetraph.com%252Fessayjeans%252Fseasons%252F%2525E7%2525A5%2525AD%2525E6%252598%2525A5.html&response_type=code [2]

 

 



(2.2) 攻击的另一个方法.


攻击者在浏览器输入 URL,
http://uc.cjcp.com.cn/?m=user&a=otherLogin&type=sina&furl=http%3A%2F%2Ftetraph.com%2Fessayjeans%2Fseasons%2F%25E7%25A5%25AD%25E6%2598%25A5.html

 

然后,攻击者可以得到 URL,
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code [3]

 

如果用户点击 URL [3], 发生的事情和 URL [2] 一样.

 

 




(2.3)下面的 URLs 有同样的漏洞.
https://api.t.sina.com.cn/oauth2/authorize?client_id=496934491&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.paidai.com%2Fsiteuser%2Foauth_sina.php%3Ffrom%3Dweibo&response_type=code

 

 

POC 视频:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKozHxrk4js

 

 

博客细节:
http://tetraph.blogspot.com/2014/05/sina-weibo-oauth-20-covert-redirect.html

 

 

 

 

(3) 什么是隐蔽重定向?

隐蔽重定向 (Covert Redirect) 是一个计算机网络安全漏洞。这个漏洞发布于 2014年5月。漏洞成因是网络应用软件对跳转到合作者的跳转没有充分过滤。这个漏洞经常利用第三方网站 (包括合作网站) 的公开重定向 (Open Redirect) 或者 跨站脚本漏洞 (XSS – Cross-site Scripting) 问题。

 

隐蔽重定向也对单点登录 (single sign-on) 有影响。最初发布的是对两款常用登录软件 OAuth 2.0 和 OpenID 的影响。黑客可以利用真实的网站进行网络钓鱼,从而窃取用户敏感信息。几乎所用提供 OAuth 2.0 和 OpenID 服务的网站都被影响。隐蔽重定向还可以和 跨站请求伪造 (CSRF – Cross-site Request Forgery) 一起利用。它的 scipID ID 是 13185; OSVDB ID 是 106567; Bugtraq ID 是 67196; X-Force ID 是 93031。

 

 

 

 



Advertisements

eBay Covert Redirect Web Security Bugs Based on Googleads.g.doubleclick.net

ebay-logo

eBay Covert Redirect Vulnerability Based on Googleads.g.doubleclick.net

(1) WebSite:
ebay.com



“eBay Inc. (stylized as ebay, formerly eBay) is an American multinational corporation and e-commerce company, providing consumer to consumer & business to consumer sales services via Internet. It is headquartered in San Jose, California. eBay was founded by Pierre Omidyar in 1995, and became a notable success story of the dot-com bubble. Today, it is a multi-billion dollar business with operations localized in over thirty countries.

 

The company manages eBay.com, an online auction and shopping website in which people and businesses buy and sell a broad variety of goods and services worldwide. In addition to its auction-style sales, the website has since expanded to include “Buy It Now” shopping; shopping by UPC, ISBN, or other kind of SKU (via Half.com); online classified advertisements (via Kijiji or eBay Classifieds); online event ticket trading (via StubHub); online money transfers (via PayPal) and other services.” (Wikipedia)

 



(2) Vulnerability Description:

eBay web application has a computer cyber security problem. Hacker can exploit it by Covert Redirect attacks.

The vulnerability occurs at “ebay.com/rover” page with “&mpre” parameter, i.e.

http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/711-67261-24966-0/2?mtid=691&kwid=1&crlp=1_263602&itemid=370825182102&mpre=http://www.google.com

The vulnerability can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Firefox (26.0) in Ubuntu (12.04) and IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7.


 

 

 

(2.1) When a user is redirected from eBay to another site, eBay will check whether the redirected URL belongs to domains in eBay’s whitelist, e.g.
google.com

If this is true, the redirection will be allowed.

 

However, if the URLs in a redirected domain have open URL redirection vulnerabilities themselves, a user could be redirected from eBay to a vulnerable URL in that domain first and later be redirected from this vulnerable site to a malicious site. This is as if being redirected from eBay directly.

 

One of the vulnerable domain is,
http://googleads.g.doubleclick.net (Google’s Ad system)

 

 

 

(2.2) Use one of webpages for the following tests. The webpage address is “http://itinfotech.tumblr.com/“. We can suppose that this webpage is malicious.

 

Vulnerable URL:

POC:

 

 

Poc Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a4H-u17Y9ks

 

Blog Detail:
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2014/11/ebay-covert-redirect-vulnerability.html



 

 



(3) What is Covert Redirect?

Covert Redirect is a class of security bugs disclosed in May 2014. It is an application that takes a parameter and redirects a user to the parameter value without sufficient validation. This often makes use of Open Redirect and XSS vulnerabilities in third-party applications.

 

Covert Redirect is also related to single sign-on. It is known by its influence on OAuth and OpenID. Hacker may use it to steal users’ sensitive information. Almost all OAuth 2.0 and OpenID providers worldwide are affected. Covert Redirect was found and dubbed by a Mathematics PhD student Wang Jing from School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

After Covert Redirect was published, it is kept in some common databases such as SCIP, OSVDB, Bugtraq, and X-Force. Its scipID is 13185, while OSVDB reference number is 106567. Bugtraq ID: 67196. X-Force reference number is 93031.

 

 

 

Discover and Reporter:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://tetraph.com/wangjing/

CVE-2014-8753 Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

cit_e_net
 

CVE-2014-8753 Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Exploit Title: Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: Cit-e-Access

Vendor: Cit-e-Net

Vulnerable Versions: Version 6

Tested Version: Version 6

Advisory Publication: February 12, 2015

Latest Update: June 01, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-8753

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Author: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

Instruction Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:




Vendor:

Cit-e-Net

 

 

Product & Version:

Cit-e-Access

Version 6

 

 

Vendor URL & Download:

Cit-e-Net can be downloaded from here,

 

 

Product Introduction:

“We are a premier provider of Internet-based solutions encompassing web site development and modular interactive e-government applications which bring local government, residents and community businesses together.

Cit-e-Net provides a suite of on-line interactive services to counties, municipalities, and other government agencies, that they in turn can offer to their constituents. The municipal government achieves a greater degree of efficiency and timeliness in conducting the daily operations of government, while residents receive improved and easier access to city hall through the on-line access to government services.


Our web-based applications can help your municipality to acheive its e-government goals. Type & click website content-management empowers the municipality to manage the website quickly and easily. Web page styles & formats are customizable by the municipality, and because the foundation is a database application, user security can be set for individual personnel and module applications. Our application modules can either be integrated into your existing municipal web site or implemented as a complete web site solution. It’s your choice! Please contact us at info@cit-e.net to view a demonstration of our municipal web site solution if you are an elected official or member of municipal management and your municipality is looking for a cost efficient method for enhancing & improving municipal services.


Interactive Applications

Online Service Requests

Online Tax Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Online Utility Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Online General-Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Submit Volunteer Resume’s Online for the municipality to match your skills with available openings.”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

Cit-e-Access web application has a security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several similar products 0Day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. Cit-i-Access has patched some of them. Open Sourced Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) is an independent and open-sourced database. The goal of the project is to provide accurate, detailed, current, and unbiased technical information on security vulnerabilities. The project promotes greater, open collaboration between companies and individuals. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.

 

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “/eventscalendar/index.cfm?” page with “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.2) The second programming code flaw occurs at “/search/index.cfm?” page with “&keyword” parameter in HTTP POST.

(2.3) The third programming code flaw occurs at “/news/index.cfm” page with “&jump2” “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.4) The fourth programming code flaw occurs at “eventscalendar?” page with “&TPID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.5) The fifth programming code flaw occurs at “/meetings/index.cfm?” page with “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

 

 

 

 

(3) Solutions:

Leave message to vendor. No response.
http://www.cit-e.net/contact.cfm

 

 

 

 

 

References:
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/48
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/02/13/2
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1587
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01683.html
https://computerpitch.wordpress.com/2015/06/07/cve-2014-8753/
http://webtechhut.blogspot.com/2015/06/cve-2014-8753.html
https://www.facebook.com/websecuritiesnews/posts/804176613035844
https://twitter.com/tetraphibious/status/607381197077946368
http://biboying.lofter.com/post/1cc9f4f5_7356826
http://shellmantis.tumblr.com/post/120903342496/securitypost-cve-2014-8753
http://itprompt.blogspot.com/2015/06/cve-2014-8753.html
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/24223205420155710559404/
https://plus.google.com/u/0/113115469311022848114/posts/FomMK9BGGx2
https://www.facebook.com/pcwebsecurities/posts/702290949916825
http://securitypost.tumblr.com/post/120903225352/cve-2014-8753-cit-e-net
http://webtech.lofter.com/post/1cd3e0d3_7355910
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/cves/cve-2014-8753/
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/cve-2014-8753/

 

 

 

CVE-2014-9468 InstantASP InstantForum.NET Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

cybernewsalerts

 

CVE-2014-9468 InstantASP InstantForum.NET Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Exploit Title: InstantASP InstantForum.NET Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: InstantForum.NET

Vendor: InstantASP

Vulnerable Versions: v4.1.3   v4.1.1   v4.1.2   v4.0.0   v4.1.0   v3.4.0

Tested Version: v4.1.3   v4.1.1   v4.1.2

Advisory Publication: February 18, 2015

Latest Update: April 05, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-9468

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 
 
 
 

Preposition Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

InstantASP


 

Product & Version:

InstantForum.NET

v4.1.3   v4.1.1   v4.1.2   v4.0.0   v4.1.0   v3.4.0

 

Vendor URL & Download:

InstantForum.NET can be purchased from here,

http://docs.instantasp.co.uk/InstantForum/default.html?page=v413tov414guide.html

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“InstantForum.NET is a feature rich, ultra high performance ASP.NET & SQL Server discussion forum solution designed to meet the needs of the most demanding online communities or internal collaboration environments. Now in the forth generation, InstantForum.NET has been completely rewritten from the ground-up over several months to introduce some truly unique features & performance enhancements.”


“The new administrator control panel now offers the most comprehensive control panel available for any ASP.NET based forum today. Advanced security features such as role based permissions and our unique Permission Sets feature provides unparalleled configurable control over the content and features that are available to your users within the forum. Moderators can easily be assigned to specific forums with dedicated moderator privileges for each forum. Bulk moderation options ensure even the busiest forums can be managed effectively by your moderators.”


“The forums template driven skinning architecture offers complete customization support. Each skin can be customized to support a completely unique layout or visual appearance. A single central style sheet controls every aspect of a skins appearance. The use of unique HTML wrappers and ASP.NET 1.1 master pages ensures page designers can easily integrate an existing design around the forum. Skins, wrappers & master page templates can be applied globally to all forums or to any specific forum.”

 
 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

InstantForum.NET web application has a cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by stored XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. InstantForum has patched some of them. BugScan is the first community-based scanner, experienced five code refactoring. It has redefined the concept of the scanner provides sources for the latest info-sec news, tools, and advisories. It also publishs suggestions, advisories, cyber intelligence, attack defense and solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “&SessionID” parameter in “Join.aspx?” page.


(2.2) The second programming code flaw occurs at “&SessionID” parameter in “Logon.aspx?” page.

 
 
 
 

References:

https://tetraph.wordpress.com/2015/05/13/cve-2014-9468/

http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/118853357881/tetraph-cve-2014-9468-instantasp

CVE-2014-9469 vBulletin XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

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CVE-2014-9469 vBulletin XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities
 

Exploit Title: vBulletin XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: vBulletin Forum

Vendor: vBulletin

Vulnerable Versions: 5.1.3 5.0.5 4.2.2 3.8.7 3.6.7 3.6.0 3.5.4

Tested Version: 5.1.3 4.2.2

Advisory Publication: February 12, 2015

Latest Update: February 26, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-9469

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Writer and Creditor: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

Preposition Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

vBulletin

 

Product & Version:

vBulletin Forum

5.1.3 5.0.5 4.2.2 3.8.7 3.6.7 3.6.0 3.5.4

 
Vendor URL & Download:

vBulletin can be acquired from here,

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“vBulletin (vB) is a proprietary Internet forum software package developed by vBulletin Solutions, Inc., a division of Internet Brands. It is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database server.”

Since the initial release of the vBulletin forum product in 2000, there have been many changes and improvements. Below is a list of the major revisions and some of the changes they introduced. The current production version is 3.8.7, 4.2.2, and 5.1.3.

Simplified site set up and customization

The new Site Builder makes it easier than ever to build and manage a site. Customizable page templates, drag-and-drop configuration and in-line site editing simplify page layout. A variety of design themes can be easily selected.
Dynamic tools for content discovery

Customizable content modules provide enhanced content discovery, engaging users into deeper site visits. The vBulletin search has been re-architected to significantly improve the quality of its results, further facilitating content discovery.
Sleek new UI features activity stream and increased social engagement

Improved social functionality includes groups, new user profiles, comments functionality, an integrated messaging hub, social content curation, real-time updates and more.
Expanded photo and video capabilities

The new interface invites users to quickly post photos and video, expanding content on vBulletin sites. This media is then leveraged by being better integrated with the rest of a site’s content. User profiles provide an engaging aggregation of all media posted by them.
Category-leading mobile optimization

The integrated mobile-optimized version ensures smartphone visitors will stay longer and return.
Robust architecture

Improved architecture provides better performance and easier customization

Built-in SEO helps maximize search traffic

Easy-to-use upgrader tool available for vBulletin 3 and 4 sites, plus importer for sites on other forum software”

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

vBulletin web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. vBulletion has patched some of them. Gmane (pronounced “mane”) is an e-mail to news gateway. It allows users to access electronic mailing lists as if they were Usenet newsgroups, and also through a variety of web interfaces. Gmane is an archive; it never expires messages (unless explicitly requested by users). Gmane also supports importing list postings made prior to a list’s inclusion on the service. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions related to important vulnerabilities.

(2.1) The programming code flaw occurs at “forum/help” page. Add “hash symbol” first. Then add script at the end of it.

 

 

 
 
 

References:

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=880689078636904&id=825031907535955&__mref=message_bubble

http://shellmantis.tumblr.com/post/118777939056/lifegrey-cve-2014-9469-vbulletin-xss#notes

http://testingcode.lofter.com/post/1cd26eb9_6eec951

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=661392814005834&id=594347777377005&__mref=message_bubble

http://tetraph.blogspot.com/2015/05/cve-2014-9469-vbulletin-xss-cross-site.html

https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2015/05/12/cve-2014-9469-vbulletin-xss/

https://www.facebook.com/computersecurities/posts/375780759275383?
http://tetraph.lofter.com/post/1cc758e0_6eeac27

https://plus.google.com/102963385033389079817/posts/1ACxSMZYmCS

http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/05/cve-2014-9469-vbulletin-xss-cross-site.html

https://twitter.com/justqdjing/status/598116948245807105

 

 

 

 

CVE-2015-2214 – NetCat CMS Full Path Disclosure (Information Disclosure) Web Security Vulnerabilities

201402Return-oriented-programming-ROP-computer-security-exploit-technique

 

CVE-2015-2214 – NetCat CMS Full Path Disclosure (Information Disclosure) Web Security Vulnerabilities


 

Exploit Title: CVE-2015-2214 NetCat CMS Full Path Disclosure Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: NetCat CMS (Content Management System)

Vendor: NetCat

Vulnerable Versions: 5.01   3.12   3.0   2.4   2.3   2.2   2.1   2.0   1.1

Tested Version: 5.01   3.12

Advisory Publication: February 27, 2015

Latest Update: May 05, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Information Leak / Disclosure [CWE-200]

CVE Reference: CVE-2015-2214

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 10.0

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable

Access Complexity: Low

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized disclosure of information

Credit and Writer: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 
 
 

Consultation Details:


 

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

NetCat


 

Product & Version:

NetCat

5.01   3.12   3.0   2.4   2.3   2.2   2.1   2.0   1.1


 

Vendor URL & Download:

NetCat can be accessed from here,

http://netcat.ru/


 

Product Introduction Overview:

NetCat.ru is russian local company. “NetCat designed to create an absolute majority of the types of sites: from simple “business card” with a minimum content to complex web-based systems, from corporate offices to online stores, libraries or media data – in other words, projects completely different directions and at any level of complexity. View examples of sites running on NetCat CMS can be in a special section.”


“Manage the site on the basis of NetCat can even inexperienced user, because it does not require knowledge of Internet technologies, programming and markup languages. NetCat constantly improving, adds new features. In the process of finalizing necessarily take into account the wishes of our partners and clients, as well as trends in Internet development. More than 2,000 studios and private web developers have chosen for their projects is NetCat, and in 2013 sites, successfully working on our CMS, created more than 18,000.”


“We give a discount on any edition NetCat

We try to help our partners to enter into a close-knit team. To reduce your expenses on the development of a new system, we provide special conditions for the acquisition of commercial licenses NetCat, for a partner is assigned a permanent discount of 40%, which according to the results of further sales could be increased to 60%.”


“Teach your developers work with the secrets NetCat

In addition to the detailed documentation and video tutorials to new partners we offer a unique free service – direct contact with the developer from the team NetCat, which will help in the development of product development tools.”


“We give customers

Once you develop the three sites NetCat information about you appear in our ranking developers. This means that you not only begin to receive direct requests from clients but also become a member of tenders conducted by customers. In addition, if the partner is really good work, employees NetCat begin recommending it to clients requesting assistance in the choice of contractor.”


“We will help in the promotion of

The company is a regular participant NetCat large number of forums, seminars and conferences. We are happy to organize together with partners involved, help with advertising materials and share information for the report.”


“Confirmed its status in the eyes of customers

We have a very flexible system of certification of partners: we do not give certificates for the sale of licenses and for the developed sites. So, for example, to obtain a certificate “Development of corporate websites’ to add to your personal account three implementation of the appropriate type.”

 
 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

NetCat web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by information leakage attacks – Full Path Disclosure (FPD). This may allow a remote attacker to disclose the software’s installation path. While such information is relatively low risk, it is often useful in carrying out additional, more focused attacks.


Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. Netcat has patched some of them. FusionVM Vulnerability Management and Compliance provides sources for the latest info-sec news, tools, and advisories. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “&redirect_url” parameter in “netshop/post.php?” page.

 
 
 
 
 

References:

http://tetraph.com/security/full-path-disclosure-vulnerability/netcat-cms-full-path-disclosure-information-disclosure-security-vulnerabilities/

http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/02/netcat-cms-full-path-disclosure.html

http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Mar/8

https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01740.html

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1645

http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/03/02/6

http://static-173-79-223-25.washdc.fios.verizon.net/?l=full-disclosure&m=142527117510514&w=2

http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=142527117510514&w=4

https://itinfotechnology.wordpress.com/2015/02/25/netcat-cms-full-path-disclosure-information-disclosure-security-vulnerabilities/

http://www.tetraph.com/blog/information-leakage-vulnerability/cve-2015-2214-netcat-cms-full-path-disclosure-information-disclosure-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://essayjeans.blog.163.com/blog/static/2371730742015411113047382/

http://www.weibo.com/1644370627/ChjMoA9hD?type=comment#_rnd1431315096193

http://homehut.lofter.com/post/1d226c81_6eae13a

 

CVE-2015-2209 – DLGuard Full Path Disclosure (Information Leakage) Web Security Vulnerabilities

hacker1

CVE-2015-2209 – DLGuard Full Path Disclosure (Information Leakage) Web Security Vulnerabilities



Exploit Title: DLGuard “/index.php?” “&c” parameter Full Path Disclosure Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: DLGuard

Vendor: DLGuard

Vulnerable Versions: v4.5

Tested Version: v4.5

Advisory Publication: January 18, 2015

Latest Update: March 20, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Information Exposure [CWE-200]

CVE Reference: CVE-2015-2209

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 10.0

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable

Access Complexity: Low

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized disclosure of information

Credit: Wang Jing [School of Mathematical Sciences (001), University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)] (@justqdjing)

 
 
 
 

Consultation Details:

 

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

 

Vendor:

DLGuard

 

Product & Version:

DLGuard

v4.5

 

Vendor URL & Download:

DLGuard can be obtained from here,

http://www.dlguard.com/dlginfo/index.php

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“DLGuard is a powerful, yet easy to use script that you simply upload to your website and then rest assured that your internet business is not only safe, but also much easier to manage, automating the tasks you just don’t have the time for.”

 

“DLGuard supports the three types, or methods, of sale on the internet:

Single item sales (including bonus products!)

Multiple item sales

Membership websites”

 

“DLGuard is fully integrated with: PayPal, ClickBank, 2Checkout, Authorize.Net, WorldPay, AlertPay, Ebay, PayDotCom, E-Gold, 1ShoppingCart, Click2Sell, Mal’s E-Commerce, LinkPoint, PagSeguro, CCBill, CommerseGate, DigiResults, FastSpring, JVZoo, MultiSafePay, Paypal Digital Goods, Plimus, RevenueWire/SafeCart, SWReg, WSO Pro, and even tracks your free product downloads. The DLGuard built-in Shopping Cart offers Paypal, Authorize.net, and 2Checkout payment options. The Membership areas allow Paypal, Clickbank, 2Checkout, and LinkPoint recurring billing as well as linking to any PayPal, ClickBank, 2Checkout, Authorize.Net, WorldPay, AlertPay, Ebay, PayDotCom, E-Gold, 1ShoppingCart, E-Bullion, LinkPoint, PagSeguro, CCBill, CommerseGate, DigiResults, FastSpring, JVZoo, MultiSafePay, Paypal Digital Goods, Plimus, RevenueWire/SafeCart, SWReg, WSO Pro single sale and free products so that people who buy your products can access your members area. DLGuard is the perfect solution to secure your single sale item, such as a niche marketing website, software sales, ebook sales, and more! DLGuard not only protects your download page, but it makes setting up new products, or making changes to existing products so much quicker and easier than before.”

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

DLGuard web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by information leakage attacks – Full Path Disclosure (FPD). This may allow a remote attacker to disclose the software’s installation path. While such information is relatively low risk, it is often useful in carrying out additional, more focused attacks.

Several similar products vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. DLguard has patched some of them. NVD is the U.S. government repository of standards based vulnerability management data (This data enables automation of vulnerability management, security measurement, and compliance (e.g. FISMA)). It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions related to important vulnerabilities.


(2.1) The first bug flaw occurs at “&c” parameter in “index.php?” page.

 

 

References: