Sina Weibo OAuth 2.0 Service Covert Redirect Web Security Bugs (Information Leakage & Open Redirect)

china

 

Sina Weibo OAuth 2.0 Service Covert Redirect Web Security Bugs (Information Leakage & Open Redirect)

 

 

(1) Domain:
weibo.com

 

 

“Sina Weibo (NASDAQ: WB) is a Chinese microblogging (weibo) website. Akin to a hybrid of Twitter and Facebook, it is one of the most popular sites in China, in use by well over 30% of Internet users, with a market penetration similar to the United States’ Twitter. It was launched by SINA Corporation on 14 August 2009, and has 503 million registered users as of December 2012. About 100 million messages are posted each day on Sina Weibo. In March 2014, Sina Corporation announced a spinoff of Weibo as a separate entity and filed an IPO under the symbol WB. Sina retains 56.9% ownership in Weibo. The company began trading publicly on April 17, 2014. “Weibo” (微博) is the Chinese word for “microblog”. Sina Weibo launched its new domain name weibo.com on 7 April 2011, deactivating and redirecting from the old domain, t.sina.com.cn to the new one. Due to its popularity, the media sometimes directly uses “Weibo” to refer to Sina Weibo. However, there are other Chinese microblogging/weibo services including Tencent Weibo, Sohu Weibo and NetEase Weibo.” (Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Description:

Weibo web application has a computer security problem. Hacker can exploit it by Covert Redirect cyber attacks.

 

The vulnerabilities can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (10.0.9200.16750) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (34.0) & Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0 ubuntu0.14.04.1.1064 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04),Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X Lion 10.7.

 

 

(2.1) Vulnerability Detail:

Weibo’s OAuth 2.0 system is susceptible to Attacks. More specifically, the authentication of parameter “&redirct_uri” in OAuth 2.0 system is insufficient. It can be misused to design Open Redirect Attacks to Weibo.

 

At the same time, it can be used to collect sensitive information of both third-party app and users by using the following parameters (sensitive information is contained in HTTP header.),

“&response_type”=sensitive_info,token…

“&scope”=get_user_info%2Cadd_share…

 

It increases the likelihood of successful Open Redirect Attacks to third-party websites, too.

 

The vulnerabilities occurs at page “oauth2/authorize?” with parameter “&redirect_uri”, e.g.
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code [1]

 

Before acceptance of third-party application:

When a logged-in Weibo user clicks the URL ([1]) above, he/she will be asked for consent as in whether to allow a third-party website to receive his/her information. If the user clicks OK, he/she will be then redirected to the URL assigned to the parameter “&redirect_uri”.

 

If a user has not logged onto Weibo and clicks the URL ([1]) above, the same situation will happen upon login.

 

After acceptance of third-party application:

A logged-in Weibo user would no longer be asked for consent and could be redirected to a webpage controlled by the attacker when he/she clicks the URL ([1]).

 

For a user who has not logged in, the attack could still be completed after a pop-up page that prompts him/her to log in.

 

 

(2.1.1) Weibo would normally allow all the URLs that belong to the domain of an authorized third-party website. However, these URLs could be prone to manipulation. For example, the “&redirect_uri” parameter in the URLs is supposed to be set by the third-party websites, but an attacker could change its value to make Attacks.

 

Hence, a user could be redirected from Weibo to a vulnerable URL in that domain first and later be redirected from this vulnerable site to a malicious site unwillingly. This is as if the user is redirected from Weibo directly. The number of Weibo’s OAuth 2.0 client websites is so huge that such Attacks could be commonplace.

 

Before acceptance of the third-party application, Weibo’s OAuth 2.0 system makes the redirects appear more trustworthy and could potentially increase the likelihood of successful Open Redirect Attacks of third-party website.

 

Once the user accepts the application, the attackers could completely bypass Weibo’s authentication system and attack more easily.

 

Used one of webpages for the following tests. The webpage is “https://biyiniao.wordpress.com/“. We can suppose it is malicious and contains code that collect sensitive information of both third-party app and users.

 

Below is an example of a vulnerable third-party domain:
cjcp.com.cn

 

Vulnerable URL in this domain:
http://uc.cjcp.com.cn/?m=user&a=otherLogin&type=sina&furl=http%3A%2F%2Ftetraph.com%2Fessayjeans%2Fseasons%2F%25E7%25A5%25AD%25E6%2598%25A5.html

 

Vulnerable URL from Weibo that is related to cjcp.com.cn:
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code

 

POC:
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2F%3Fm%3Duser%26a%3DotherLogin%26type%3Dsina%26furl%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Ftetraph.com%252Fessayjeans%252Fseasons%252F%2525E7%2525A5%2525AD%2525E6%252598%2525A5.html&response_type=code [2]

 

(2.2) Another method for attackers.


Attackers enter the following URL in browser,
http://uc.cjcp.com.cn/?m=user&a=otherLogin&type=sina&furl=http%3A%2F%2Ftetraph.com%2Fessayjeans%2Fseasons%2F%25E7%25A5%25AD%25E6%2598%25A5.html

 

Then, attackers can get URL below,
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code [3]

 

If users click URL [3], the same thing will happen as URL [2].

 

 

 

 

POC Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKozHxrk4js

 

 

Blog Detail:
http://tetraph.blogspot.com/2014/05/sina-weibo-oauth-20-covert-redirect.html

 

 



(3) What is Covert Redirect?

Covert Redirect is a class of security bugs disclosed in May 2014. It is an application that takes a parameter and redirects a user to the parameter value without sufficient validation. This often makes use of Open Redirect and XSS (Cross-site Scripting) vulnerabilities in third-party applications.

 

Covert Redirect is also related to single sign-on, such as OAuth and OpenID. Hacker may use it to steal users’ sensitive information. Almost all OAuth 2.0 and OpenID providers worldwide are affected. Covert Redirect can work together with CSRF (Cross-site Request Forgery) as well.



 

 

Discover and Reporter:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://tetraph.com/wangjing/

 

 

 

Related Articles:
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/covert-redirect/sinas-oauth-2-0-covert-redirect-vulnerability-information-leakage-open-redirect/
http://tetraph.com/security/covert-redirect/sina-weibo-oauth-2-0-covert-redirect-vulnerability-information-leakage-open-redirect/
https://redysnowfox.wordpress.com/2014/08/02/sina-exploit/
http://qianqiuxue.tumblr.com/post/118901060925/itinfotech-covert#notes
http://webtechhut.blogspot.com/2014/07/sina-bug.html
https://twitter.com/yangziyou/status/614745661704015873
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/2346030512014463356551/
http://biboying.lofter.com/post/1cc9f4f5_706b6c3
http://frenchairing.blogspot.fr/2014/07/sina-hacking.html
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/covert-redirect/sina-weibo-oauth-2-0-covert-redirect-vulnerability-information-leakage-open-redirect/
https://biyiniao.wordpress.com/2014/06/07/sina-research/

 

 

==========

 

新浪 微博 网站 OAuth 2.0 隐蔽重定向 (Covert Redirect) 网络安全漏洞 (信息泄漏 & 公开重定向)





(1) 域名:
weibo.com

 

” 新浪微博是一个由新浪网推出,提供微型博客服务类的社交网站。用户可以通过网页、WAP页面、手机客户端、手机短信、彩信发布消息或上传图片。新浪可以把 微博理解为“微型博客”或者“一句话博客”。用户可以将看到的、听到的、想到的事情写成一句话,或发一张图片,通过电脑或者手机随时随地分享给朋友,一起 分享、讨论;还可以关注朋友,即时看到朋友们发布的信息” (百度百科)

 

 

(2) 漏洞描述:

新浪 微博 网站有有一个计算机安全问题,黑客可以对它进行隐蔽重定向 (Covert Redirect) 网络攻击。

 

 

这 个漏洞不需要用户登录,测试是基于微软 Windows 8 的 IE (10.0.9200.16750); Ubuntu (14.04) 的 Mozilla 火狐 (Firefox 34.0) 和 谷歌 Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0; 以及苹果 OS X Lion 10.7 的 Safari 6.16。


(2.1) 漏洞细节:
Weibo 的 OAuth 2.0 系统可能遭到攻击。更确切地说, Weibo 对 OAuth 2.0 系统的 parameter “&redirect_uri“ 验证不够充分。可以用来构造对 Weibo 的 URL跳转 攻击。

与此同时,这个漏洞可以用下面的参数来收集第三方 App 和 用户 的敏感信息(敏感信息包含在 HTTP header里),

“&response_type”=sensitive_info,token,code…

“&scope”=get_user_info%2Cadd_share…

 

它也增加了对第三方网站 URL跳转 攻击的成功率。

 

漏洞地点 “oauth2/authorize?”,参数”&redirect_uri”, e.g.
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code [1]

 

同意三方 App 前:

当一个已经登录的 Weibo 用户点击上面的 URL ([1]), 对话框会询问他是否接受第三方 App 接收他的信息。如果同意,他会被跳转到 参数 “&redirect_uri” 的 URL。


如果没有登录的 Weibo 用户点击 URL ([1]), 他登录后会发生同样的事情。

 

同意三方 App 后:

已经登录的 Weibo 用户 不会再被询问是否接受 三方 App。当他点击 URL ([1]) 时,他会被直接跳转到攻击者控制的页面。

 

如果 Weibo 用户没有登录,攻击依然可以在要求他登录的Weibo的对话框被确认后完成(这个过程不会提示任何和三方 App 有关的内容)。

 


(2.1.1) Weibo 一般会允许属于已被验证过得三方 App domain 的所有 URLs。 然而,这些 URLs 可以被操控。比如,参数 “&redirect_uri” 是被三方 App 设置的,但攻击者可以修改此参数的值。

 

因此,Weibo 用户意识不到他会被先从 Weibo 跳转到第三方 App 的网页,然后从此网页跳转到有害的网页。这与从 Weibo 直接跳转到有害网页是一样的。

 

因为 Weibo 的 OAuth 2.0 客户很多,这样的攻击可以很常见。

 

在同意三方 App 之前,Weibo 的 OAuth 2.0 让用户更容易相信被跳转的页面是安全的。这增加了三方 App 被 URL跳转 攻击的成功率。

 

同意三方 App 后, 攻击者可以完全绕过 Weibo 的 URL跳转 验证系统。

 

 

用了一个页面进行了测试, 页面是 “http://tetraphlike.lofter.com/“. 可以假定它是有害的,并且含有收集三方 App 和用户敏感信息的 code。

 

 

下面是一个有漏洞的三方 domain:
cjcp.com.cn

 

 

这个 domain 有漏洞的 URL:
http://uc.cjcp.com.cn/?m=user&a=otherLogin&type=Weibo&furl=http%3A%2F%2Ftetraph.com%2Fessayjeans%2Fseasons%2F%25E7%25A2%258E%25E5%25A4%258F.html

 

 

Weibo 与 cjcp.com.cn 有关的有漏洞的 URL:
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code

 

 

POC:
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2F%3Fm%3Duser%26a%3DotherLogin%26type%3Dsina%26furl%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Ftetraph.com%252Fessayjeans%252Fseasons%252F%2525E7%2525A5%2525AD%2525E6%252598%2525A5.html&response_type=code [2]

 

 



(2.2) 攻击的另一个方法.


攻击者在浏览器输入 URL,
http://uc.cjcp.com.cn/?m=user&a=otherLogin&type=sina&furl=http%3A%2F%2Ftetraph.com%2Fessayjeans%2Fseasons%2F%25E7%25A5%25AD%25E6%2598%25A5.html

 

然后,攻击者可以得到 URL,
https://api.weibo.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2021435350&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fuc.cjcp.com.cn%2Findex.php%3Fm%3DUser%26a%3Dcallback%26type%3Dsina&response_type=code [3]

 

如果用户点击 URL [3], 发生的事情和 URL [2] 一样.

 

 




(2.3)下面的 URLs 有同样的漏洞.
https://api.t.sina.com.cn/oauth2/authorize?client_id=496934491&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.paidai.com%2Fsiteuser%2Foauth_sina.php%3Ffrom%3Dweibo&response_type=code

 

 

POC 视频:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKozHxrk4js

 

 

博客细节:
http://tetraph.blogspot.com/2014/05/sina-weibo-oauth-20-covert-redirect.html

 

 

 

 

(3) 什么是隐蔽重定向?

隐蔽重定向 (Covert Redirect) 是一个计算机网络安全漏洞。这个漏洞发布于 2014年5月。漏洞成因是网络应用软件对跳转到合作者的跳转没有充分过滤。这个漏洞经常利用第三方网站 (包括合作网站) 的公开重定向 (Open Redirect) 或者 跨站脚本漏洞 (XSS – Cross-site Scripting) 问题。

 

隐蔽重定向也对单点登录 (single sign-on) 有影响。最初发布的是对两款常用登录软件 OAuth 2.0 和 OpenID 的影响。黑客可以利用真实的网站进行网络钓鱼,从而窃取用户敏感信息。几乎所用提供 OAuth 2.0 和 OpenID 服务的网站都被影响。隐蔽重定向还可以和 跨站请求伪造 (CSRF – Cross-site Request Forgery) 一起利用。它的 scipID ID 是 13185; OSVDB ID 是 106567; Bugtraq ID 是 67196; X-Force ID 是 93031。

 

 

 

 



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CVE-2014-9468 InstantASP InstantForum.NET Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

cybernewsalerts

 

CVE-2014-9468 InstantASP InstantForum.NET Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Exploit Title: InstantASP InstantForum.NET Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: InstantForum.NET

Vendor: InstantASP

Vulnerable Versions: v4.1.3   v4.1.1   v4.1.2   v4.0.0   v4.1.0   v3.4.0

Tested Version: v4.1.3   v4.1.1   v4.1.2

Advisory Publication: February 18, 2015

Latest Update: April 05, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-9468

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 
 
 
 

Preposition Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

InstantASP


 

Product & Version:

InstantForum.NET

v4.1.3   v4.1.1   v4.1.2   v4.0.0   v4.1.0   v3.4.0

 

Vendor URL & Download:

InstantForum.NET can be purchased from here,

http://docs.instantasp.co.uk/InstantForum/default.html?page=v413tov414guide.html

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“InstantForum.NET is a feature rich, ultra high performance ASP.NET & SQL Server discussion forum solution designed to meet the needs of the most demanding online communities or internal collaboration environments. Now in the forth generation, InstantForum.NET has been completely rewritten from the ground-up over several months to introduce some truly unique features & performance enhancements.”


“The new administrator control panel now offers the most comprehensive control panel available for any ASP.NET based forum today. Advanced security features such as role based permissions and our unique Permission Sets feature provides unparalleled configurable control over the content and features that are available to your users within the forum. Moderators can easily be assigned to specific forums with dedicated moderator privileges for each forum. Bulk moderation options ensure even the busiest forums can be managed effectively by your moderators.”


“The forums template driven skinning architecture offers complete customization support. Each skin can be customized to support a completely unique layout or visual appearance. A single central style sheet controls every aspect of a skins appearance. The use of unique HTML wrappers and ASP.NET 1.1 master pages ensures page designers can easily integrate an existing design around the forum. Skins, wrappers & master page templates can be applied globally to all forums or to any specific forum.”

 
 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

InstantForum.NET web application has a cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by stored XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. InstantForum has patched some of them. BugScan is the first community-based scanner, experienced five code refactoring. It has redefined the concept of the scanner provides sources for the latest info-sec news, tools, and advisories. It also publishs suggestions, advisories, cyber intelligence, attack defense and solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “&SessionID” parameter in “Join.aspx?” page.


(2.2) The second programming code flaw occurs at “&SessionID” parameter in “Logon.aspx?” page.

 
 
 
 

References:

https://tetraph.wordpress.com/2015/05/13/cve-2014-9468/

http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/118853357881/tetraph-cve-2014-9468-instantasp

CVE-2015-2563 – Vastal I-tech phpVID 1.2.3 SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

201402Return-oriented-programming-ROP-computer-security-exploit-technique

CVE-2015-2563 – Vastal I-tech phpVID 1.2.3 SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Exploit Title: CVE-2015-2563 Vastal I-tech phpVID /groups.php Multiple Parameters SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: phpVID

Vendor: Vastal I-tech

Vulnerable Versions: 1.2.3 0.9.9

Tested Version: 1.2.3 0.9.9

Advisory Publication: March 13, 2015

Latest Update: April 25, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command (‘SQL Injection’) [CWE-89]

CVE Reference: CVE-2015-2563

CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 6.4

Exploitability Subscore: 10.0

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable

Access Complexity: Low

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized disclosure of information; Allows unauthorized modification; Allows disruption of service

Credit: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

Direction Details:



(1) Vendor & Product Description:



Vendor:

Vastal I-tech

Product & Vulnerable Versions:

phpVID

1.2.3

0.9.9

Vendor URL & Download:

phpVID can be approached from here,

http://www.vastal.com/phpvid-the-video-sharing-software.html#.VP7aQ4V5MxA


Product Introduction Overview:

“phpVID is a video sharing software or a video shating script and has all the features that are needed to run a successful video sharing website like youtube.com. The features include the following. phpVID is the best youtube clone available. The latest features include the parsing of the subtitles file and sharing videos via facebook. With phpVID Video Sharing is extremely easy.”


“The quality of code and the latest web 2.0 technologies have helped our customers to achieve their goals with ease. Almost all customers who have purchased phpVID are running a successful video sharing website. The quality of code has helped in generating more then 3 million video views a month using a “single dedicated server”. phpVID is the only software in market which was built in house and not just purchased from someone. We wrote the code we know the code and we support the code faster then anyone else. Have any questions/concerns please contact us at: info@vastal.com. See demo at: http://www.phpvid.com. If you would like to see admin panel demo please email us at: info@vastal.com.”


“Server Requirements:

Preferred Server: Linux any Version

PHP 4.1.0 or above

MySQL 3.1.10 or above

GD Library 2.0.1 or above

Mod Rewrite and .htaccess enabled on server.

FFMPEG (If you wish to convert the videos to Adobe Flash)”

(2) Vulnerability Details:

phpVID web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by SQL Injection attacks. This may allow an attacker to inject or manipulate SQL queries in the back-end database, allowing for the manipulation or disclosure of arbitrary data. Other bug hunter researchers have found some SQL Injection vulnerabilities related to it before, too. phpVID has patched some of them.


Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. phpVID has patched some of them. “Openwall software releases and other related files are also available from the Openwall file archive and its mirrors. You are encouraged to use the mirrors, but be sure to verify the signatures on software you download. The more experienced users and software developers may use our CVSweb server to browse through the source code for most pieces of Openwall software along with revision history information for each source file. We publish articles, make presentations, and offer professional services.” Openwall has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.



(2.1) The first code programming flaw occurs at “&order_by” “&cat” parameters in “groups.php?” page.


Related Links:

http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/130754/Vastal-I-tech-phpVID-1.2.3-SQL-Injection.html

https://progressive-comp.com/?l=full-disclosure&m=142601071700617&w=2

http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Mar/58

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1699

http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/03/10/8

http://static-173-79-223-25.washdc.fios.verizon.net/?l=full-disclosure&m=142601071700617&w=2

http://www.tetraph.com/blog/xss-vulnerability/cve-2015-2563/

http://static-173-79-223-25.washdc.fios.verizon.net/?l=full-disclosure&m=142551597501701&w=2

https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015020091

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=935563809832135&id=874373602617823

http://t.qq.com/p/t/482410003538035

http://biboying.lofter.com/post/1cc9f4f5_6ee2aa5

http://mathpost.tumblr.com/post/118768553885/xingti-cve-2015-2563-vastal-i-tech-phpvid

http://essayjeans.lofter.com/post/1cc7459a_6ee4fcb

http://xingti.tumblr.com/post/118768481545/cve-2015-2563-vastal-i-tech-phpvid-1-2-3-sql

https://plus.google.com/113698571167401884560/posts/gftS84rfD3A

https://itswift.wordpress.com/2015/05/12/cve-2015-2563-vastal-i-tech-phpvid/

https://www.facebook.com/essayjeans/posts/827458144012006

https://tetraph.wordpress.com/2015/05/12/cve-2015-2563-vastal-i-tech-phpvid/

http://mathstopic.blogspot.com/2015/05/cve-2015-2563-vastal-i-tech-phpvid-123.html

http://yurusi.blogspot.sg/2015/05/cve-2015-2563-vastal-i-tech-phpvid-123.html

https://twitter.com/tetraphibious/status/598057025247907840

http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/23460305120154125453111/


CVE-2015-2242 – Webshop hun v1.062S SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Computer virus.

CVE-2015-2242 – Webshop hun v1.062S SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities



Exploit Title: CVE-2015-2242 Webshop hun v1.062S /index.php Multiple Parameters SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: Webshop hun

Vendor: Webshop hun

Vulnerable Versions: v1.062S

Tested Version: v1.062S

Advisory Publication: Mar 04, 2015

Latest Update: Mar 04, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Improper Control of Generation of Code (‘Code Injection’) [CWE-94]

CVE Reference: CVE-2015-2242

CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 6.4

Exploitability Subscore: 10.0

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable

Access Complexity: Low

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized disclosure of information; Allows unauthorized modification; Allows disruption of service

Report and Credit: Jing Wang [School of Mathematical Sciences (001), University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)] (@justqdjing)








Persuasion Details:



(1) Vendor & Product Description:



Vendor:

Webshop hun



Product & Version:

Webshop hun

v1.062S



Vendor URL & Download:

Webshop hun can be token from here,

http://www.webshophun.hu/index



Product Introduction Overview:

Webshop hun is an online product sell web application system.


“If our webshop you want to distribute your products, but it is too expensive to find on the internet found solutions, select the Webshop Hun shop program and get web store for free and total maker banner must display at the bottom of the page 468×60 size. The download shop program, there is no product piece limit nor any quantitative restrictions, can be used immediately after installation video which we provide assistance.


“The Hun Shop store for a free for all. In our experience, the most dynamic web solutions ranging from our country. If the Webshop Hun own image does not suit you, you can also customize the look of some of the images and the corresponding text replacement, or an extra charge we can realize your ideas. The Webshop Hun pages search engine optimized. They made the Hun Shop web program to meet efficiency guidelines for the search engines. The pages are easy to read and contain no unnecessary HTML tags. Any web page is simply a few clicks away.”






(2) Vulnerability Details:

Webshop hun web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by SQL Injection attacks. This may allow an attacker to inject or manipulate SQL queries in the back-end database, allowing for the manipulation or disclosure of arbitrary data.

Several similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. Webshop hun has patched some of them. Open Sourced Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) is an independent and open-sourced database. The goal of the project is to provide accurate, detailed, current, and unbiased technical information on security vulnerabilities. The project promotes greater, open collaboration between companies and individuals. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.


(2.1) The vulnerability occurs at “&termid” “&nyelv_id” parameters in “index.php?” page.







References:




CVE-2015-2066 – DLGuard SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

computer-security-640x277

 

CVE-2015-2066 – DLGuard SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Exploit Title: CVE-2015-2066 DLGuard /index.php c parameter SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: DLGuard

Vendor: DLGuard

Vulnerable Versions: v4.5

Tested Version: v4.5

Advisory Publication: February 18, 2015

Latest Update: May 01, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command (‘SQL Injection’) [CWE-89]

CVE Reference: CVE-2015-2066

CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 6.4

Exploitability Subscore: 10.0

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable

Access Complexity: Low

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized disclosure of information; Allows unauthorized modification; Allows disruption of service

Writer and Reporter: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)






Caution Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

DLGuard

Product & Version:

DLGuard

v4.5

Vendor URL & Download:

DLGuard can be downloaded from here,

http://www.dlguard.com/dlginfo/index.php

Product Introduction Overview:

“DLGuard is a powerful, yet easy to use script that you simply upload to your website and then rest assured that your internet business is not only safe, but also much easier to manage, automating the tasks you just don’t have the time for.”

“DLGuard supports the three types, or methods, of sale on the internet:

<1>Single item sales (including bonus products!)

<2>Multiple item sales

<3>Membership websites”

“DLGuard is fully integrated with: PayPal, ClickBank, 2Checkout, Authorize.Net, WorldPay, AlertPay, Ebay, PayDotCom, E-Gold, 1ShoppingCart, Click2Sell, Mal’s E-Commerce, LinkPoint, PagSeguro, CCBill, CommerseGate, DigiResults, FastSpring, JVZoo, MultiSafePay, Paypal Digital Goods, Plimus, RevenueWire/SafeCart, SWReg, WSO Pro, and even tracks your free product downloads. The DLGuard built-in Shopping Cart offers Paypal, Authorize.net, and 2Checkout payment options. The Membership areas allow Paypal, Clickbank, 2Checkout, and LinkPoint recurring billing as well as linking to any PayPal, ClickBank, 2Checkout, Authorize.Net, WorldPay, AlertPay, Ebay, PayDotCom, E-Gold, 1ShoppingCart, E-Bullion, LinkPoint, PagSeguro, CCBill, CommerseGate, DigiResults, FastSpring, JVZoo, MultiSafePay, Paypal Digital Goods, Plimus, RevenueWire/SafeCart, SWReg, WSO Pro single sale and free products so that people who buy your products can access your members area. DLGuard is the perfect solution to secure your single sale item, such as a niche marketing website, software sales, ebook sales, and more! DLGuard not only protects your download page, but it makes setting up new products, or making changes to existing products so much quicker and easier than before.”


(2) Vulnerability Details:

DLGuard web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by SQL Injection attacks. This may allow an attacker to inject or manipulate SQL queries in the back-end database, allowing for the manipulation or disclosure of arbitrary data.

Several similar products vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. DLguard has patched some of them. The MITRE Corporation is a not-for-profit company that operates multiple federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs), which provide innovative, practical solutions for some of our nation’s most critical challenges in defense and intelligence, aviation, civil systems, homeland security, the judiciary, healthcare, and cybersecurity. It has phase, votes, comments and proposed details related to important vulnerabilities.

(2.1) The bug programming flaw vulnerability occurs at “&c” parameter in “index.php?” page.

 
 
 
 

References:

http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/69

https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01703.html

https://progressive-comp.com/?a=139222176300014&r=1&w=1%E2%80%8B

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1607

http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/02/18/6

http://marc.info/?a=139222176300014&r=1&w=4

http://www.tetraph.com/blog/sql-injection-vulnerability/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/sql-injection-vulnerability/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://diebiyi.com/articles/%E5%AE%89%E5%85%A8/sql-injection-vulnerability/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web-security-vulnerabilities/

https://plus.google.com/u/0/107140622279666498863/posts/44pDNaZao8v

https://inzeed.wordpress.com/2015/05/10/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://inzeed.tumblr.com/post/118657947101/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web-security

http://tetraphlike.lofter.com/post/1cf5a072_6ea70f7

http://germancast.blogspot.de/2015/05/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web.html

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=424571707715058&id=361076084064621

http://blog.163.com/greensun_2006/blog/static/11122112201541193421290/

https://twitter.com/tetraphibious/status/597577800023838720

http://www.weibo.com/3973471553/Chj5OFIPk?from=page_1005053973471553_profile&wvr=6&mod=weibotime&type=comment#_rnd1431308778074

 

 

 

 

About Group 超过 99.88% 的链接容易遭受 XSS 和 XFS 攻击

2607064191

 
About Group 网站有一个严重的网络安全问题,它容易遭受 XSS (跨站脚本漏洞) XFS (跨Frame脚本漏洞)。这对它的近10亿月访问用户是灾难和毁灭性的。

 

根据漏洞研究者发布的结果POC视频,所有About.com的话题(子域名)都可以被攻击者利用。

 

新加坡南洋理工大学 (NTU) 数学和物理学院 (SPMS) 数学系 (MAS) 的王晶 (Wang Jing) 发布了这个严重的安全漏洞。王晶声称在2014年10月19号,他向 About Group 做了报告,但是迄今为止一直没有收到回复。漏洞的发布时间是2015年2月2号。“到现在为止,漏洞还没有被修复” 王晶说。

 

与此同时,王晶披露 About.com 主页面的搜索域也容易遭受 XSS 攻击。除此之外,他还发布了一些 About.com 的公开重定向漏洞 (Open Redirect). 王说他的测试是在 Windows 8 的 IE (10.0.9200.16750) 和 Mozilla 的 Firefox (34.0), Ubuntu (14.04) 的 Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0, 以及 Mac OS X Lion 10.7 的 Apple Safari 6.1.6 上进行的。

 

XSS (Cross- site Scripting) 可以用来窃取用户信息,控制用户浏览器,和进行 DOS (Denial of Service) 攻击。 XFS (Cross-frame Scripting) 也叫 iFrame Injection,可以修改用户浏览器页面内容。

 

在发布漏洞的同时,王晶还说明因为 About Group 的普遍性,它的漏洞可以用来对其他网站进行隐蔽重定向攻击 (Covert Redirect);XFS 则可以用来对计算机和网络进行 DDOS (Distributed Denial of Service) 黑客攻击。这些漏洞发布在著名漏洞平台 Full-Disclosure 上和他的个人博客上。

 

王晶是一名学生安全研究人员。他发布了包括谷歌,脸书,亚马逊,阿里巴巴,电子湾,领英等多家公司网站的重要漏洞以及大量网络应用程序的补丁。
 

 
 
 

相关新闻:
http://www.zdnet.com/article/over-99-percent-of-about-com-links-vulnerable-to-xss-xfs-iframe-attack/
http://www.securityweek.com/xss-xfs-open-redirect-vulnerabilities-found-aboutcom
http://securityaffairs.co/wordpress/33070/hacking/com-affected-xss-xfs-open-redirect-vulnerabilities-since-october-2014.html
http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/130211/About.com-Cross-Site-Scripting.html
http://www.zoomit.ir/it-news/security/17394-about-com-links-vulnerable-to-xss-xfs
http://itsecurity.lofter.com/post/1cfbf9e7_6f05a63
http://tetraph.com/covert_redirect/oauth2_openid_covert_redirect.html
http://securitypost.tumblr.com/post/118837857592/about-group-99-88-xss-xfs-about
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/computer-security/about-group-xss-xfs/
https://www.secnews.gr/99percent-about-xss-xfs-attack-exploit
http://www.decomoadesinstalar.com/abrir-codigo-iframe-xss-xfs-ataque-mas-del-99-por
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1547
http://www.40kalagh.net/about-grope-xss-and-xfs
http://blog.norsecorp.com/2015/02/03/about-com-platform-rife-with-xss-and-iframe-injection-vulnerabilities/

CVE-2014-9562 OptimalSite Content Management System (CMS) XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

18638880

CVE-2014-9562 OptimalSite Content Management System (CMS) XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities


Exploit Title: OptimalSite CMS /display_dialog.php image Parameter XSS Web Security Vulnerability

Vendor: OptimalSite

Product: OptimalSite Content Management System (CMS)

Vulnerable Versions: V.1 V2.4

Tested Version: V.1 V2.4

Advisory Publication: January 24, 2015

Latest Update: January 31, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-9562

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Credit: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)





Suggestion Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description

Vendor:

OptimalSite


Product & Version:

OptimalSite Content Management System (CMS)

V.1

V2.4


Vendor URL & Download:

The product can be obtained from here,

http://www.optimalsite.com/en/


Product Description Overview:

“Content management system OptimalSite is an online software package that enables the management of information published on a website. OptimalSite consists of the system core and integrated modules, which allow expanding website possibilities and functionality. You may select a set of modules that suits your needs best.


Website page structure

Website page structure is presented in a tree structure similar to Windows Explorer, so that several page levels can be created for each item on the menu. The website’s structure itself can be easily edited: you can create new website pages, delete unnecessary ones, and temporarily disable individual pages.


Website languages

OptimalSite may be used to create a website in different languages, the number of which is not limited. Different information may be presented in each separate language and the structure of pages in each language may also differ.


WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) text editor

Using this universal text editor makes posting and replacing information on the website effortless. Even a minimum knowledge of MS Word and MS Excel will make it easy to use the tools of WYSIWYG text editor and implement your ideas.


Search function in the system

By using search function system’s administrator is able to find any information that is published in administrative environment. It is possible to execute a search in the whole system and in separate its’ modules as well.


Recycle bin function

System administrator is able to delete useless data. All deleted data is stored in recycle bin, so administrator can restore information anytime. “




(2) Vulnerability Details:

OptimalSite web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by stored XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other the similar product 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. OptinalSite has patched some of them. “Openwall software releases and other related files are also available from the Openwall file archive and its mirrors. You are encouraged to use the mirrors, but be sure to verify the signatures on software you download. The more experienced users and software developers may use our CVSweb server to browse through the source code for most pieces of Openwall software along with revision history information for each source file. We publish articles, make presentations, and offer professional services.” Openwall has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to XSS vulnerabilities.


(2.1) The code programming flaw occurs at “&image” parameter in “display_dialog.php” page.






http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/02/02/3

http://static-173-79-223-25.washdc.fios.verizon.net/?a=139222176300014&r=1&w=2

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1546

https://zuiyuxiang.wordpress.com/2015/05/10/cve-2014-9562-optimalsite-content-management-system-cms-xss-cross-site-scripting-security-vulnerabilities/

http://frenchairing.blogspot.com/2015/05/cve-2014-9562-optimalsite-content.html

http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/234603051201541082835108/

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=1623045457913931&id=1567915086760302

https://twitter.com/buttercarrot/status/597377286996791299

http://www.weibo.com/5099722551/ChdSxaqGR?ref=home&rid=4_0_1_2669612892358968742&type=comment

https://plus.google.com/113115469311022848114/posts/9mdeMorsS2C

http://ittechnology.lofter.com/post/1cfbf60d_6e93c47

http://itinfotech.tumblr.com/post/118602673596/securitypost-cve-2014-9562-optimalsite-content